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0415 - 形上學 Metaphysics


教育目標 Course Target

形上學的目的在於理解實在的結構: 了解哪種實體存在, 它們的基本性質, 以及它們之間的關係。形上學是什麼呢? 從反面來說, 形上學不是神祕主義, 也不是關於玄妙之事的討論; 然而, 若要從正面來定義它, 多數人都同意, 我們很難給出這樣的一個定義。要知道形上學是什麼, 就它所涉及的哲學問題而言, 我們或許可以一窺端倪。形上學處理的議題, 至少包括了下列幾個: 探討存有的本體論、時間的本質、研究心靈現象和物理現象之間的關係的心物問題、心靈狀態、人格同一、自由意志與決定論、自然律、因果關係、模態性、理性存有者等等。本課程將挑選上述的某些議題做介紹, 讓學生知悉對於這些議題我們可以採取怎樣的立場、以及支持或反對這些立場的主要論證。  The purpose of metaphysics is to understand the real structure: to understand which entities exist, their basic properties, and the relationships between them. What is metaphysical? From the opposite side, metaphysics is not mysticism, nor is it a discussion about mysterious things; however, to define it from the front, most people agree that it is difficult to give such a definition. . To know what metaphysics is, we may be able to look at the philosophical issues involved. The topics of metaphysical processing include at least the following: Exploring the ontology of existence, the nature of time, the study of the relationship between mental phenomena and physical phenomena, the state of mind, the state of mind, the same personality, free will and determinism , natural law, causality, modality, rational existence, and so on. This course will select some of the above topics for introduction, so that students will be aware of the positions we can take on these issues and the main arguments for supporting or opposing them.


課程概述 Course Description

在中西思想發展中,對於宇宙人生普遍原理的整體思辨,以及對於終極真際(ultimate reality)的理性關懷,不僅指示了哲學之為形上學的追求,也標誌了人類心智與精神活動的重大成就。什麼是構成宇宙自然的基本原理?什麼是支配宇宙自然的普遍法則?這原理與法則和人有什麼關係?人在宇宙之中,居於何等地位?什麼是宇宙人生的究極真相?在變遷不已的表面現象背後,是否有永恆不變的原理?對於這些永恆哲學的同時也是形上學的問題,無論中西,古代賢哲都曾提出各種解答。這些答案頗有相似之處;說明人類思想發展到崇高境界的時候,確有能超越特殊歷史和社會背景的精神會通。然而另一方面,這些答案也有相異之處,正好說明中西思想與哲學同途殊歸的發展。本課程主要將介紹 (一) 中西形上學的概念與意義;(二) 研究範圍與主要課題;(三)歷史流變概述;(四)當代形上學主要議題。
In the development of Chinese and Western thoughts, the overall speculation on the universal principle of cosmic life and the rational concern for ultimate reality not only indicate the pursuit of metaphysics, but also the great achievement of human mind and spiritual activity. . What is the basic principle that constitutes the nature of the universe? What is the universal law governing the nature of the universe? What is the relationship between this principle and the law? What is the status of man in the universe? What is the ultimate truth of the universe? Is there an eternal principle behind the surface phenomena that have changed? For these eternal philosophies, it is also a matter of metaphysics. Both Chinese and Western sages have put forward various answers. These answers are quite similar; when human thought develops to a lofty realm, there is indeed a spirit that can transcend special history and social background. On the other hand, these answers are also different, which just shows the development of Chinese and Western thoughts and philosophy. This course will mainly introduce (1) the concept and significance of Chinese and Western metaphysics; (2) the scope of research and main topics; (3) an overview of historical rheology; (4) the main topics of contemporary metaphysics.


參考書目 Reference Books

Ney, A. Metaphysics: An Introduction, New York: Routledge, 2014.

Ney, A. Metaphysics: An Introduction, New York: Routledge, 2014.


評分方式 Grading

評分項目 Grading Method 配分比例 Grading percentage 說明 Description
期中考期中考
Midterm exam
40 考試形式為簡答題、申論題、或選擇題。
期末考期末考
Final exam
40 考試形式為簡答題、申論題、或選擇題。
課堂參與課堂參與
Class participation
20 分組討論課本所列的習題 (每組約6人)。
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Course Information

Description

學分 Credit:3-0
上課時間 Course Time:Wednesday/2,3,4[H317]
授課教師 Teacher:李蕙容
修課班級 Class:哲學系3
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