course information of 107 - 1 | 0026 Historical Chinese Phonology(聲韻學)

0026 - 聲韻學 Historical Chinese Phonology

教育目標 Course Target

本課程為中文系語言學類必修課程。主要教學目的在使同學具備漢語音韻學基本知識,了解現代國語、方言與古漢語音系間的關連及語音演變的規則。課程的設計強調漢語歷史研究中的「方法」、「觀念」與「材料」。上學期的課程講述基礎語音學、音系學知識,瞭解現代國語音系,以及各大漢語方言現況。建立基本語言研究知能後,由現代國語與漢語方言音系向中古音推展,銜接中古音系,研讀中古重要韻書、韻圖等文獻材料,輔以歷史語言學中的譜系樹理論、歷史比較方法理論,使同學了解如何構擬中古音系,並能進而繼續研究上古音系。 下學期課程旨在瞭解古漢語「聲母」、「韻母」、「聲調」系統的歷史發展與演變規律,並探討造成各時期漢語音韻變化的原因。課程的焦點放在廣韻音系與現代國語音系的聯繫之上,藉由中古到現代的語音演變知識,說明漢語語音的重建過程、方法與語言發展的模型。This course is a compulsory course for Chinese language studies. The main purpose of the teaching is to enable students to have basic knowledge of Chinese phonology, to understand the relationship between modern Mandarin, dialect and ancient Chinese phonology and the rules of speech evolution. The design of the course emphasizes "methods", "concepts" and "materials" in the study of Chinese history. The course of the last semester tells the basics of phonetics and phonology, the modern Chinese phonetics, and the current status of major Chinese dialects. After establishing the basic language research knowledge, the modern Mandarin and Chinese dialect sounds are extended to the Middle Ancient Sounds, connecting the Middle Ancient phonology, studying the ancient Chinese rhyme books, rhyme and other literature materials, supplemented by the pedigree tree theory and historical comparison method in historical linguistics. Theory, so that students understand how to construct the Middle Ancient phonology, and can continue to study the ancient phonology. The next semester course aims to understand the historical development and evolution of the ancient "consonant", "final" and "tune" systems, and to explore the causes of the changes in Chinese phonology in various periods. The focus of the course is on the connection between the Guangyin phonology and the modern country's phonetic system. From the medieval to modern speech evolution knowledge, the reconstruction process, methods and language development models of Chinese speech are explained.

課程概述 Course Description

A班:聲韻學是我國傳統的字音之學,教學目的在讓學習者充分掌握、了解我國各個不同時期的字音結構特色、及其發展演變的情形。授課的主要內容包括:聲韻學的效用、語音學常識、國語音系、現代方音、早期官話、中古音系,上古音系、上古字音至現代的演變、文學與音律等等。本課程目前在中文系屬必修科目,學生若通過此訓練,由於對漢字、各地方音的特色、發展演變均能較充分的掌握,藉此知識,當可增進其欣賞文學作品、研讀古代典藉的能力。 B班:本課程為中文系語言學類課程。主要教學目的在使同學具備聲韻學基本知識,了解現代國語、方言與中古音系及語音演變的現象與規則。教學由現代國語與方言音系入門,而後以中古音系為主幹,在研讀中古韻書與韻圖的基礎上,使同學了解如何構擬中古音系,並能進而研究上古音系。至於音系演變上則著重講授中古到現代及中古上推上古成系統的音變。且將藉由課堂與課後練習與其他相關領域結合,使學生了解如何運用所學之聲韻學知識。
Class A: The phonology is the traditional Chinese pronunciation and pronunciation. The purpose of teaching is to enable learners to fully grasp and understand the characteristics of the structure of words and sounds in different periods of China, and their development and evolution. The main contents of the lecture include: the utility of phonology, the common sense of phonetics, the national phonetic system, the modern dialect, the early Mandarin, the Middle Ancient phonology, the ancient phonology, the evolution of ancient Chinese characters to modern times, literature and temperament, and so on. This course is currently a compulsory subject in the Chinese language. If students pass this training, they can fully grasp the characteristics and development of Chinese characters and local sounds. By using this knowledge, they can enhance their appreciation of literary works and study ancient books. Borrowing ability. Class B: This course is a Chinese language course. The main purpose of teaching is to enable students to have basic knowledge of phonology and to understand the phenomena and rules of modern Mandarin, dialect and medieval phonology and phonetic evolution. The teaching is started by the modern Mandarin and dialect sounds, and then the middle-aged phonology is the main one. On the basis of studying the ancient rhyme books and rhyme maps, the students can understand how to construct the Middle Ancient phonology, and then study the ancient phonology. As for the evolution of the phonological system, it focuses on the transliteration of the ancient system into the modern and medieval. Students will learn how to apply the knowledge of the phonology they learn by combining classroom and after-school exercises with other related fields.

參考書目 Reference Books

Designated reading:
Yan Jianing (2005) "Sound Rhyme" Wunan Publishing House
He Da'an (1996) "Concepts and Methods in Acoustic Rhyme" Da'an Publishing House

評分方式 Grading

評分項目 Grading Method 配分比例 Grading percentage 說明 Description
Midterm exam
Final exam
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相似課程 Related Course

必修-0023 Historical Chinese Phonology / 聲韻學 (中文系3A,授課教師:陳筱琪,四/5,6[H308])

Course Information


學分 Credit:2-2
上課時間 Course Time:Monday/3,4[H305]
授課教師 Teacher:陳筱琪
修課班級 Class:中文系3B
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