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3897 - 中文:文學閱讀與寫作 Chinese : Readings on Literature and Writing


教育目標 Course Target

遠古人類的生活領域總是離不開山巔水湄,文明的進展促使原始散居的人們逐漸形成聚落、城鎮,人口越 加集中的結果,「自然」這一心靈原鄉反而日漸失落,形成一條難以回溯的鄉愁。雖然如此,「自然」仍 是文學創作取材的重要來源,《小雅‧采薇》云:「昔我往矣,楊柳依依;今我來思,雨雪霏霏。」王夫 之《薑齋詩話》評論道:「以樂景寫哀,以哀景寫樂,一倍增其哀樂。」比興的表現方法,或譬喻,或象 徵,景物實為人情所生,為人所用。陸機〈文賦〉嘗言:「遵四時以歎逝,瞻萬物而思紛。悲落葉於勁 秋,喜柔條於芳春,心懍懍以懷霜,志眇眇而臨雲。詠世德之駿烈,誦先人之清芬。遊文章之林府,嘉麗 藻之彬彬。慨投篇而援筆,聊宣之乎斯文。」世俗的羈絆促使魏晉文人名士寄情山野,崇尚自然,徜徉其 間,超然物外,藉景以抒懷,故世有以陶、謝並稱為美。對此心靈原鄉的追尋、山林田園的歌頌終究只是 傳統中國文學中重要的一頁,好讓騷人墨客抒發胸臆,一吐為快罷了! 隨著文明的進展,工業、科技的極致追求常常伴隨著土地的超限利用,自然生態環境首當其衝,影響在所 難免。人類與環境相抗衡,消耗自然資源、擴張生活領域的結果,換來的卻是難以挽回的破壞。現代人感 慨失去心靈原鄉的同時,生態意識逐漸受到啟蒙,環境保護、環境權等觀念亦隨之崛起,成為現今自然生 態書寫所側重的面向。自然生態是指特定環境中生物彼此交互作用的體系,人類僅僅只是此一體系的部 分,但是絕對不是整個體系的核心。過度以人類自我為中心的思考模式及其衍生的作為,終將排擠其他生 物的生存空間,導致整個生態的改變,甚而覆滅,現代復育自然生態觀念的興起,即是對於文明過度發展 後的省思與補救。此刻,人與自然之間相互依存的態勢,至為明顯。現代文學創作者已然意識到無法將人 類置身於自然環境之外,需要以更積極的作為,藉由文學傳達生態保育的觀念,喚醒公眾對於自然環境的 良知。吳明益曾言:「『自然』不再只扮演文學中襯托、背景的位置,而成為被書寫的主位。」放棄以人 類為核心的思考模式,以客觀的角度重新檢視人類與自然的關係,正是現代自然書寫的積極意義。 本學期選文涵蓋了近年來,台灣生態環境的所面臨的衝擊與因應的方法,作家們在嘗試與摸索中逐漸 確立目標,然而,未來仍是漫漫長路。透過文學的閱讀,讀者得以認識所處的環境與面臨的課題,進而匯 集共識,思考環境議題的未來走向。The ancient human life is always inseparable from the mountains and rivers. The progress of civilization has prompted the original scattered people to gradually form settlements, towns and populations. As a result, the "natural" spiritual hometown has gradually lost, forming a difficult situation. Retrospective homesickness. Even so, "Nature" is still an important source of literary creation. "Xiaoya ‧Wei" Cloud: "I used to go to Yang, Yiliu Yiyi; now I come to think, rain and snow." Wang Fuzhi's "Jiang Zhai Shi Hua" comment Tao: "Write sorrow with music scene, write music with mourning, and increase your sorrow and joy." Bixing's expression method, or metaphor, or symbol, is actually created by human beings and used by others. Lu Ji tasted the words: "Follow the four o'clock to sigh, look at all things and think about it. The sorrowful leaves in the autumn, the soft strips in the Fangchun, the heart is filled with frost, Zhizhi and Lin Yun. The martial arts of the ancestors, the ancestors of the Qing dynasty. The article of the Lin Fu, Jia Lizao Binbin. Generously contribute to the article and help the pen, talk about Xuanzhisi Wen." The secular shackles prompted the Wei and Jin literati to send love to the mountains, advocating nature, In the meantime, in addition to the detached things, the use of the scenery to take care of the world, the world has Tao, Xie and called beauty. The pursuit of this spiritual hometown and the singing of the forestry gardens are only an important page in traditional Chinese literature, so that the Sao people can express their enthusiasm. With the progress of civilization, the ultimate pursuit of industry and technology is often accompanied by the over-utilization of land, and the natural ecological environment bears the brunt, and the impact is inevitable. Humans compete with the environment, consume natural resources, expand the results of life, and exchange for irreparable damage. At the same time that modern people feel lost their spiritual hometown, ecological consciousness is gradually enlightened, and the concepts of environmental protection and environmental rights have also risen, becoming the focus of today's natural ecological writing. Natural ecology refers to the system in which organisms interact with each other in a specific environment. Human beings are only part of this system, but they are definitely not the core of the whole system. Excessive thinking mode and its derivative actions based on human self will eventually crowd out the living space of other creatures, leading to the change of the whole ecology, even the destruction. The rise of the concept of modern rejuvenation is the development of civilization. Think and remedy. At this moment, the interdependence between man and nature is obvious. Modern literary creators have realized that they cannot put people outside the natural environment, and they need to use a more positive approach to convey the concept of ecological conservation through literature and awaken the public's conscience about the natural environment. Wu Mingyi once said: "Nature" no longer only plays the role of background and background in literature, but becomes the subject of writing." Abandon the human-centered thinking mode and re-examine the relationship between human beings and nature from an objective perspective. It is the positive meaning of modern natural writing. This semester's selection covers the impacts and responses of Taiwan's ecological environment in recent years. Writers are gradually setting goals in their attempts and explorations. However, the future is still a long road. Through the reading of literature, readers can understand the environment and the problems they face, and then gather consensus and think about the future direction of environmental issues.


課程概述 Course Description

  本校大一中文課程名稱為「文學欣賞與實用」(一般班)與「文學閱讀與寫作」(加強寫作班),奠基於培養文學素養的基礎上,因應各學院學科屬性之不同,以及面對職場的多元需求,將課程內容規畫為四大模組: A. 經典閱讀:針對各學院系學科屬性,擇選相應之文本進行閱讀與討論。 B. 溝通表達:藉由各式課程活動,提昇學生的書面寫作與口語表達之能力。 C. 職場語文:引導學生觀察與學科性質相應之職場動態,並應用於語文學習。 D. 生活實踐:結合專業知識,將學習延伸出教室之外,實際運用在生活之中。   未來四大模組可依學院系性質、任課教師專長、以及學生興趣與需求,配搭出不同模組之組合,供學生多元學習。
The name of the University's first year Chinese course is "Literature Appreciation and Practicality" (general class) and "Literature Reading and Writing" (enhanced writing class). Based on the cultivation of literary literacy, it is based on the differences in the academic attributes of each college. The diverse needs of the workplace, the curriculum content is planned into four modules: A. Classic reading: For each subject's subject attributes, select the appropriate text for reading and discussion. B. Communication Expression: Enhance students' written writing and oral expression skills through various curriculum activities. C. Workplace Language: Guide students to observe the workplace dynamics corresponding to the nature of the subject and apply it to language learning. D. Life practice: Combine professional knowledge to extend learning beyond the classroom and actually use it in life. The next four modules can be combined with different modules according to the nature of the department, the teacher's expertise, and the students' interests and needs.


參考書目 Reference Books

小野,《蛹之生(三十週年紀念版)》(台北:遠流,2005)。
方梓,《采采卷耳》(台北:聯合文學,2008)。
吳明益,《迷蝶誌》(新店:夏日,2010)。
吳晟、吳明益,《溼地.石化.島嶼想像》(台北:有鹿文化,2011)。
凌拂,《山童歲月》(台北:親子天下,2006)。
夏曼‧藍波安,《冷海情深》(台北:聯合文學,1997)。
楊牧,《葉珊散文集》(台北:洪範,1994)。
廖鴻基,《討海人新版》(台中:晨星,2013)。
劉克襄,《小綠山之歌》(台北:時報文化,1995)。
Ono, "The Life of the Sui (30th Anniversary Edition)" (Taipei: Yuanliu, 2005).
Fang Wei, "Picking the Ears" (Taipei: United Literature, 2008).
Wu Mingyi, "Bai Zhi Zhi" (new store: summer, 2010).
Wu Hao, Wu Mingyi, "Wetland. Petrochemical. Island Imagination (Taipei: Deer Culture, 2011).
Ling Xiao, "The Mountain Boys" (Taipei: Parenting World, 2006).
Xiaman Lanboan, "The Cold Sea Love" (Taipei: Joint Literature, 1997).
Yang Mu, "Ye Shan's Prose Collection" (Taipei: Hong Fan, 1994).
Liao Hung-chi, "The New Version of the Sea People" (Taichung: Morningstar, 2013).
Liu Kezhen, "The Song of Little Green Mountain" (Taipei: Times Culture, 1995).


評分方式 Grading

評分項目 Grading Method 配分比例 Grading percentage 說明 Description
期中成績期中成績
Mid-term results
25 期中考
期末成績期末成績
Final grade
25 期末考
出席成績出席成績
Attendance
25 上課點名、學習態度
平時成績平時成績
Usual grades
25 隨堂測驗、網路作業
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Course Information

Description

學分 Credit:2-2
上課時間 Course Time:Friday/3,4[H305]
授課教師 Teacher:乃俊廷
修課班級 Class:畜產,食科,國經,永續1
選課備註 Memo:加強寫作班,日間部畜產系、食科系、國經學程、永續學程博雅書院生優先

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