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2032 - 議會民主 Parliamentary Democracy


教育目標 Course Target

民主政治有許多不同的類型,有複決民主(referendum democracy),有代議民主(representative democracy),有多數民主(majoritarian democracy),有共識民主(consensus democracy),有憲政民主(constitutional democracy),有審議民主(deliberative democracy)。然而,不論何種類型的民主,都必須以民選的議會為基礎來運作,議會(立法機關)必然是民主政府權力的中心。在民主政治下,法律必須由民選的議會所制定,議會藉由法律的制定,為整個社會做權威性的價值分配,因此民主政治的統治必須以贏得議會的多數支持為前提。本課程旨在介紹議會民主相關的爭議,以及其與其他民主類型的關係,以期學生具備相關的政治知識,分析判斷與公共服務的能力。There are many different types of democratic politics, such as referendum democracy, representative democracy, majority of democratic democracy, consensus democracy, constitutional democracy, and Deliberative democracy. However, no matter what type of democracy, it must operate on the basis of an elected parliament. The parliament (legislature) must be the center of democratic government power. Under democratic politics, the law must be enacted by an elected parliament. The parliament, through the formulation of the law, makes an authoritative distribution of values ​​for the whole society. Therefore, the rule of democratic politics must be based on the premise of winning the majority support of the parliament. This course is designed to introduce the controversy related to parliamentary democracy and its relationship with other types of democracy, with a view to students having relevant political knowledge, ability to analyze judgments and public services.


參考書目 Reference Books

(1) Clucas, Richard A. and Melody Ellis Valdini. 2015. The Character of Democracy: How Institutions Shape Politics. New York: Oxford University.
(2) Hazan, Reuven Y. ed. 2011. Cohesion and Discipline in Legislatures. New York: Routledge.
(3) Lijphart, Arend. 2012. Patterns of Democracy: Government forms and Performance in Thirty-six Countries. New Haven: Yale University Press.
(4) Qvortrup, Matt. 2013. Direct Democracy: A comparative study of the theory and practice of government by the people. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
(5) Papadopoulos, Yannis. 2013. Democracy in Crisis? Politics, Governance and Policy. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
(6) Smith, William. 2013. Civil disobedience and deliberative democracy. New York : Routledge.
(7) 任冀平(2014),<司法審查存立的制度性基礎>,(全球政治評論)第48期,頁27~62。
(8) 任冀平(2011),<法院與政治:美國司法政治初探>,(全球政治評論)第33期,頁73~95。
(9) 沈有忠(2012),<通往議會制之路─德國國會的憲政定位與政黨政治>,(臺灣民主季刊)第9卷第2期,頁39~69。
(10) 廖達琪、陳月卿、李承訓(2013),<半總統制下的國會監督-從法制面比較台灣與法國國會的監督能量>,(問題與研究)第52卷第2期,頁51~97。
(11) 彭錦鵬(2001),<從歐美經驗論國會議員人數及「立委席次減半」>,(政治科學論叢)第15期,頁171~190。
(12) 黃秀端(2003),<少數政府在國會的困境>,(台灣政治學刊)第七卷第二 期,頁3-49。
(13) 盛杏湲(2006),<臺灣民眾為什麼討厭立法院?>,(台灣民主季刊)第3卷第3期,頁85~128。
(14) 蘇子喬、王業立(2012),<總統與國會選制影響政黨體系的跨國分析>,(問題與研究)第51卷4期,頁35~70。
(15) 蘇子喬(2010),<憲政體制與選舉制度的配套思考>,(政治科學論叢)第44期,頁35~74。
(16) 蕭怡靖(2005),<我國立法院資深制度之探討—委員會遊走及召集委員深制度之變遷>,(政治科學論叢)第25期,頁105~134。

(1) Clucas, Richard A. and Melody Ellis Valdini. 2015. The Character of Democracy: How Institutions Shape Politics. New York: Oxford University.
(2) Hazan, Reuven Y. ed. 2011. Cohesion and Discipline in Legislatures. New York: Routledge.
(3) Lijphart, Arend. 2012. Patterns of Democracy: Government forms and Performance in Thirty-six Countries. New Haven: Yale University Press.
(4) Qvortrup, Matt. 2013. Direct Democracy: A comparative study of the theory and practice of government by the people. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
(5) Papadopoulos, Yannis. 2013. Democracy in Crisis? Politics, Governance and Policy. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
(6) Smith, William. 2013. Civil disobedience and deliberative democracy. New York : Routledge.
(7) Ren Yiping (2014), “Institutional Basis for the Existence of Judicial Review”, (Global Political Review) No. 48, pp. 27-62.
(8) Ren Yiping (2011), , (Global Political Review) No. 33, pp. 73-95.
(9) Shen Youzhong (2012), “The Road to Parliamentary System – Constitutional Positioning and Party Politics of the German Parliament”, (Taiwan Democracy Quarterly) Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 39-69.
(10) Liao Daqi, Chen Yueqing, Li Chengxun (2013), , (Questions and Research) Vol. 52, No. 2, pp. 51~97 .
(11) Peng Jinpeng (2001), “The number of MPs from the European and American experience and the “half of the legislators” > (Political Science Series) No. 15, pp. 171-190.
(12) Huang Xiutuan (2003), , (Taiwan Political Science), Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 3-49.
(13) Sheng Xingfu (2006), , (Taiwan Democracy Quarterly) Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 85~128.
(14) Su Ziqiao, Wang Yeli (2012), “Transnational Analysis of the Party System Influenced by Presidential and Congressional Elections”, (Questions and Research) Vol. 51, No. 4, pp. 35-70.
(15) Su Ziqiao (2010), , (Political Science Series) No. 44, pp. 35~74.
(16) Xiao Yijing (2005), “Discussion on the Senior System of the Legislative Yuan of China—The Committee Walks and Convenes the Changes of the Deep System of Commissioners>, (Political Science Series) No. 25, pp. 105~134.


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Course Information

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學分 Credit:3-0
上課時間 Course Time:Wednesday/7,8,9[SS210]
授課教師 Teacher:任冀平
修課班級 Class:政治系1-4
選課備註 Memo:跨領域學程課程

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