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0634 - 有機分析 Organic Analysis


教育目標 Course Target

無論是自然界取得的化合物或者人工合成的產物,為了鑑定分析構造式,必須使用各種分析鑑定的技術,除化學反應方法外,微量的分析常使用圖譜判定。本課程的教學內容包括: 一、樣本的純化、分離、及化學鑑定介紹。 二、化合物之官能基與紅外線之吸收波長關係。 三、核磁共振光譜儀原理及化合物之結構鑑定。 四、可見光─紫外線光譜儀之運用。 五、質譜儀構造原理及分子碎片分析,由圖譜的綜合分析過程,訓練學生具有鑑定有機化合物結構的能力。使用紅外線光譜儀、核磁共振光譜儀、可見光─紫外線光譜儀、及質譜儀等紀錄分子圖譜,由圖譜分析的過程訓練學者鑑定有機化合物之結構。 主要內容: 一、化合物之官能機與紅外線之吸收波長關係。 1.分子伸張與彎曲振動 2.各種鍵結的振動吸收光譜波數 3.判圖練習 二、核磁共振光譜儀原理及化合物之結構鑑定。 1.核磁共振能量吸收機制 2.化學位移的定義 3.信號的積分值意義 4.自旋-自旋交互作用與能階分裂規則 5.氫核磁共振光譜判圖練習 6.碳核磁共振光譜 7.二維核磁共振光譜-同核二維相對光譜與異核二維相對光譜 三、可見光─紫外線光譜儀之運用。 1.可見光─紫外線吸收光譜原理 2.溶劑與分子共軛鑑結的影響 3.共軛雙烯、共軛烯酮的伍德沃德定則 四、質譜儀構造原理及分子碎片分析。 1.分子離子化方法 2.質量分析 3.決定分子式Whether it is a compound obtained from nature or a synthetic product, various analytical techniques must be used in order to identify and analyze structural formulas. In addition to the chemical reaction method, trace analysis is often used to determine the pattern. The course content includes: First, the sample purification, separation, and chemical identification introduced. Second, the compound of functional groups and infrared absorption wavelength relationship. Third, the principle of NMR spectrometer and the structure of compounds identified. Fourth, the use of visible light ─ UV spectrometer. Fifth, the principle of mass spectrometer structure and molecular fragment analysis, from the spectrum of the comprehensive analysis process, training students with the ability to identify the structure of organic compounds. The molecular structure of the organic compounds was identified by the process of spectrum analysis using infrared spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, visible-ultraviolet-ultraviolet spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. main content: First, the compound of the functional machine and infrared absorption wavelength relationship.     1. Molecular stretching and bending vibration     2. A variety of key vibration absorption spectrum wave number     3. Judgment exercises Second, the principle of NMR spectrometer and the structure of compounds identified.     Nuclear magnetic resonance energy absorption mechanism     2. Chemical shift definition     Signal significance of the value of the integral     4. Spin-spin interaction and order splitting rules     5. H NMR spectroscopy exercises     Carbon nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy     7. Two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy - nuclear two-dimensional relative spectrum and heteronuclear two-dimensional relative spectrum Third, the use of visible light ─ UV spectrometer.     1. Visible light ─ UV absorption spectroscopy     Effect of solvent and molecular conjugation     3. Conjugated diene, Conjugated ketene Woodward rule Fourth, the principle of mass spectrometry and molecular debris analysis.     Molecular ionization method     2 quality analysis     3. Decide formula


課程概述 Course Description

無論是自然界取得的化合物或者人工合成的產物,為了鑑定分析構造式,必須使用各種分析鑑定的技術,除化學反應方法外,微量的分析常使用圖譜判定。本課程的教學內容包括一、化合物之官能機與紅外線之吸收波長關係;二、核磁共振光譜儀原理及化合物之結構鑑定;三、可見光─紫外線光譜儀之運用;四、質譜儀構造原理及分子碎片分析,由圖譜的綜合分析過程,訓練學生具有鑑定有機化合物結構的能力。
Whether it is a compound obtained from nature or a synthetic product, various analytical techniques must be used in order to identify and analyze structural formulas. In addition to the chemical reaction method, trace analysis is often used to determine the pattern. The teaching contents of this course include: 1. The relation between the absorption wavelength and the functional machine of the compound; 2. The principle of the NMR spectrometer and the structure identification of the compound; 3. The application of the visible-UV spectrometer; 4. The construction principle of the mass spectrometer and molecular fragment analysis , A comprehensive analysis of the map by training students to identify the ability of organic compound structure.


參考書目 Reference Books

1. Introduction to Spectroscopy.; Donald L. Pavia; Gary M. Lampman; George S. Kriz, J. R. Vyvyan, 4th edition, 2010, Brooks/Cole.
2. Spectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds.; Robert M. Silverstein; Francis X. Webster.; seventh edition; 2005 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
1. Introduction to Spectroscopy .; Donald L. Pavia; Gary M. Lampman; George S. Kriz, J. R. Vyvyan, 4th edition, 2010, Brooks / Cole.
2. Spectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds .; Robert M. Silverstein; Francis X. Webster .; seventh edition; 2005 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.


評分方式 Grading

評分項目 Grading Method 配分比例 Grading percentage 說明 Description
上課討論、出席率、學習態度。上課討論、出席率、學習態度。
Class discussion, attendance, learning attitude.
10 無故缺席每節課扣總分一分,超過三次期末不予調整分數。
平時測驗平時測驗
Usually test
23
期中考試期中考試
midterm
33
期末考試期末考試
Final exam
34
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Course Information

Description

學分 Credit:3-0
上課時間 Course Time:Wednesday/10,11,Thursday/11[H305]
授課教師 Teacher:林振東
修課班級 Class:化學系3,4
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