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0415 - 形上學 Metaphysics


教育目標 Course Target

在中西思想發展中,對於宇宙人生普遍原理的整體思辨,以及對於終極真際(ultimate reality)的理性關懷,不僅指示了哲學之為形上學的追求,也標誌了人類心智與精神活動的重大成就。什麼是構成宇宙自然的基本原理?什麼是支配宇宙自然的普遍法則?這原理與法則和人有什麼關係?人在宇宙之中,居於何等地位?什麼是宇宙人生的究極真相?在變遷不已的表面現象背後,是否有永恆不變的原理?對於這些永恆哲學的同時也是形上學的問題,無論中西,古代賢哲都曾提出各種解答。這些答案頗有相似之處;說明人類思想發展到崇高境界的時候,確有能超越特殊歷史和社會背景的精神會通。然而另一方面,這些答案也有相異之處,正好說明中西思想與哲學同途殊歸的發展。本課程主要將介紹 (一) 中西形上學的概念與意義;(二) 研究範圍與主要課題;(三)相關文本選讀。In the development of Chinese and Western thoughts, the overall speculation on the universal principle of cosmic life and the rational concern for ultimate reality not only indicate the pursuit of metaphysics, but also mark the great achievements of human mind and spiritual activity. . What is the basic principle that constitutes the nature of the universe? What is the universal law governing the nature of the universe? What is the relationship between this principle and the law? What is the status of man in the universe? What is the ultimate truth of the universe? Is there an eternal principle behind the surface phenomena that have changed? For these eternal philosophies, it is also a metaphysical problem. Both Chinese and Western sages have put forward various answers. These answers are quite similar; when human thought develops to a lofty realm, there is indeed a spirit that can transcend special history and social background. On the other hand, these answers are also different, which just shows the development of Chinese and Western thoughts and philosophy. This course will mainly introduce (1) the concept and significance of Chinese and Western metaphysics; (2) the scope of research and major topics; (3) the selection of relevant texts.


課程概述 Course Description

在中西思想發展中,對於宇宙人生普遍原理的整體思辨,以及對於終極真際(ultimate reality)的理性關懷,不僅指示了哲學之為形上學的追求,也標誌了人類心智與精神活動的重大成就。什麼是構成宇宙自然的基本原理?什麼是支配宇宙自然的普遍法則?這原理與法則和人有什麼關係?人在宇宙之中,居於何等地位?什麼是宇宙人生的究極真相?在變遷不已的表面現象背後,是否有永恆不變的原理?對於這些永恆哲學的同時也是形上學的問題,無論中西,古代賢哲都曾提出各種解答。這些答案頗有相似之處;說明人類思想發展到崇高境界的時候,確有能超越特殊歷史和社會背景的精神會通。然而另一方面,這些答案也有相異之處,正好說明中西思想與哲學同途殊歸的發展。本課程主要將介紹 (一) 中西形上學的概念與意義;(二) 研究範圍與主要課題;(三)歷史流變概述;(四)當代形上學主要議題。
In the development of Chinese and Western thoughts, the overall speculation on the universal principle of cosmic life and the rational concern for ultimate reality not only indicate the pursuit of metaphysics, but also mark the great achievements of human mind and spiritual activity. . What is the basic principle that constitutes the nature of the universe? What is the universal law governing the nature of the universe? What is the relationship between this principle and the law? What is the status of man in the universe? What is the ultimate truth of the universe? Is there an eternal principle behind the surface phenomena that have changed? For these eternal philosophies, it is also a metaphysical problem. Both Chinese and Western sages have put forward various answers. These answers are quite similar; when human thought develops to a lofty realm, there is indeed a spirit that can transcend special history and social background. On the other hand, these answers are also different, which just shows the development of Chinese and Western thoughts and philosophy. This course will mainly introduce (1) the concept and significance of Chinese and Western metaphysics; (2) the scope of research and main topics; (3) an overview of historical rheology; (4) the main topics of contemporary metaphysics.


參考書目 Reference Books

俞懿嫻著,〈簡論方程二先生與中國形上學---從西方古典形上學談起〉,《東海大學文學院學報》,第45卷,頁313-346。
俞懿嫻著,(1999年7月)。〈《巴門尼德斯前篇》與參與問題〉,《東海學報》,第40卷,臺中:東海大學文學院,頁203-241。
Plato, Republic.
Aristotle, Metaphysics, Book V & VII; Categories, Section 1, Part 5, translated by W. D. Ross.
Rene Descartes, Meditations, translated from the Latin by Donald A. Cress, Indianapolis: Hackett Pub. Co,1979.
B. Spinoza, Ethics, Benedict de Spinoza ; edited and translated by Edwin Curley, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press,1994.
J. Locke, An Essay concerning Human Understanding, edited with an introd., critical apparatus and glossary by Peter H. Nidditch, Oxford: Clarendon Press,1975.
G. Leibniz, Monadology, Translated by George MacDonald Ross, 1999.
D.Hume, An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding.
I.Kant, Critique of Pure Reason.
張志偉主編,《形而上學讀本》,北京:中國人民大學出版社,2010年。
Richard Taylor, Metaphysics (New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1963).
參考資料:
W. E. Kennick, Morris Lazerowitz eds, Metaphysics Readings and Reappraisals (New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1966).

Yu Yu, "On Mr. Equation 2 and Chinese Metaphysics"--From the Western Classical Metaphysics", Journal of Donghai University College of Liberal Arts, Vol. 45, pp. 313-346.
Yu Yu, (July 1999). "The First Part of Barmenides" and Participation Issues, Journal of the East China Sea, Vol. 40, Taichung: School of Literature, Tokai University, pp. 203-241.
Plato, Republic.
Aristotle, Metaphysics, Book V & VII; Categories, Section 1, Part 5, translated by W. D. Ross.
Rene Descartes, Meditations, translated from the Latin by Donald A. Cress, Indianapolis: Hackett Pub. Co, 1979.
B. Spinoza, Ethics, Benedict de Spinoza; edited and translated by Edwin Curley, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1994.
J. Locke, An Essay concerning Human Understanding, edited with an introd., critical apparatus and glossary by Peter H. Nidditch, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975.
G. Leibniz, Monadology, Translated by George MacDonald Ross, 1999.
D.Hume, An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding.
I.Kant, Critique of Pure Reason.
Edited by Zhang Zhiwei, Metaphysical Reader, Beijing: China Renmin University Press, 2010.
Richard Taylor, Metaphysics (New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1963).
References:
W. E. Kennick, Morris Lazerowitz eds, Metaphysics Readings and Reappraisals (New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1966).


評分方式 Grading

評分項目 Grading Method 配分比例 Grading percentage 說明 Description
期中考期中考
Midterm exam
30
期末考期末考
Final exam
40
分組口頭及書面報告分組口頭及書面報告
Group oral and written reports
30
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Course Information

Description

學分 Credit:3-0
上課時間 Course Time:Wednesday/2,3,4[H317]
授課教師 Teacher:俞懿嫻
修課班級 Class:哲學系3
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