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0414 - 倫理學 Ethics


教育目標 Course Target

本課程的目標在透過對主要倫理派別及其主要代表人物倫理思想的講述,輔以相關原典的閱讀,以使學生在了解各家倫理學思想的同時,也能逐步建立獨自閱讀哲學原典的能力。另外,透過對當前社會所面臨的一些與倫理學相關的重大爭議課題的討論,讓學生能夠更清楚地知道,倫理學並不只是一門學問,它還是一項活生生在我們眼前上演,影響著我們生活的重大任務。The goal of this course is to read through the study of the main ethical factions and their main representative ethical thoughts, supplemented by the relevant original reading, so that students can understand the various ethical ideas at the same time, but also gradually establish the ability to read the original philosophy alone The In addition, through the discussion of some of the major controversial issues related to ethics in the current society, students can be more aware that ethics is not just a matter of learning, it is a living in front of us, affecting us A major task of life.


課程概述 Course Description

倫理學不但探討善惡的本質、行為的正當性、責任意識、道德或倫理價值的規範等,而且也探討人性、研究道德行為的可能性等問題。由於倫理學探討行為的正當性,它可以為吾人的日常生活提供指導原則。不管吾人在現實生活上追求甚麼,但此種追求不能離開「善」。在這個意義上,希臘人曾將倫理學視為人生哲學。即使從現代的觀點來說,倫理學仍是任何人生哲學的理論基礎。因為無論權力、財富、知識、地位等,一旦離開「善」,便失去其價值。 倫理學因問題性質的不同,主要可劃分為規範倫理學、後設倫理學、及應用倫理學三部份。講授倫理學將先從引論入門,然後涉及倫理學的主要學派及其基本論點的介紹。接著是有計劃地分別從規範倫理學、後設倫理學及應用倫理學,選擇其中最具代表性及最具時代意義的理論來講授。 此外也將對儒家的倫理思想作介紹,提供中西哲學「比較研究」的一個途徑。
Ethics not only explores the nature of good and evil, the legitimacy of conduct, the sense of responsibility, the norms of moral or ethical values, but also the possibility of human nature, the possibility of studying ethical behavior. Because ethics explores the legitimacy of behavior, it can provide guidance for our daily life. No matter what I pursue in real life, but this pursuit can not leave the "good". In this sense, the Greeks regarded ethics as a philosophy of life. Even from a modern point of view, ethics is still the theoretical basis of any philosophy of life. Because regardless of power, wealth, knowledge, status, etc., once left "good", they lose their value. Ethics can be divided into three parts: normative ethics, post-ethics, and applied ethics, because of the nature of the problem. The teaching of ethics will begin with the introduction and then the introduction of the main schools of ethics and its basic arguments. Then there are plans from the normative ethics, post-ethics and applied ethics, choose one of the most representative and most of the theory of the times to teach. In addition, it will also introduce Confucian ethical thoughts and provide a way for "comparative study" of Chinese and Western philosophy.


參考書目 Reference Books

Aristote, Nicomachean ethics, Roger Crisp (2000).
Jeremy Bentham, The Principles of Morals and Legislation, Nabu Press (January 11, 2010).
Kant, Practical Philosophy, Cambridge University Press (February 1, 1999).
Alasdair MacIntyre, After Virtue, University of Notre Dame Press (March 1, 2007).
John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism, Public Domain Books (February 1, 2004).
G. E. Moore, Principia Ethica, Hardcover (Jan 1, 1965).
Frankena, William, Ethics, Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice Hall(1973).
Alexander Miller, An introduction to contemporary metaethics, Polity Press, (2003)
亞里斯多德,《尼各馬科倫理學》,台北,台灣商務,2006。
康德,《道德形上學之基礎》,台北,聯經,1990。
《實踐理性批判》,北京,人民出版社,2003。
邊沁,《道德與立法原理導論》,北京,商務,2000。
穆勒,《功利主義》,上海,上海人民,2007。
麥金太爾,《德性之後》,北京,中國社會科學,1995。
謨爾,《倫理學原理》,台北,聯經,1967。
林火旺,《倫理學》,台北市,五南出版,1999。
彼徹姆,《哲學的倫理學》,中國社會出版社,1990。
朱建民等,《應用倫理和現代社會》,臺北縣蘆洲鄉:空大,民國95年初版。
周輔成編,《西方倫理學名著選輯》(上下卷),北京,商務印書館,1987。
謨爾,《倫理學原理》,台北,聯經,1967。
李瑞全,《儒家生命倫理學》,台北,鵝湖出版社,1999。
Aristote, Nicomachean ethics, Roger Crisp (2000).
Jeremy Bentham, The Principles of Morals and Legislation, Nabu Press (January 11, 2010).
Kant, Practical Philosophy, Cambridge University Press (February 1, 1999).
Alasdair MacIntyre, After Virtue, University of Notre Dame Press (March 1, 2007).
John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism, Public Domain Books (February 1, 2004).
G. E. Moore, Principia Ethica, Hardcover (Jan 1, 1965).
Frankena, William, Ethics, Englewood Cliffs, N. J .: Prentice Hall (1973).
Alexander Miller, An introduction to contemporary metaethics, Polity Press, (2003)
Aristotle, "Nicomachean Ethics", Taipei, Taiwan Business, 2006.
Kant, "The Basis of Moral Metaphysics", Taipei, Lianjing, 1990.
"Critique of Practical Reason", Beijing, People's Publishing House, 2003.
Bentham, "Introduction to the Principles of Morality and Legislation", Beijing, Business, 2000.
Muller, "Utilitarianism", Shanghai, Shanghai People, 2007.
McIntyre, "Virtue", Beijing, China Social Sciences, 1995.
Moore, Principles of Ethics, Taipei, Lianjing, 1967.
Lin Huowang, "Ethics", Taipei City, Five South Publishing, 1999.
Phetham, "The Ethics of Philosophy", China Social Press, 1990.
Zhu Jianmin, etc., "the application of ethics and modern society", Taipei County Lu Chau Township: empty, the first 95 years of the Republic of China.
Zhou Fu Cheng, "Western Ethics Selected Works" (scroll), Beijing, the Commercial Press, 1987.
Moore, Principles of Ethics, Taipei, Lianjing, 1967.
Li Ruiquan, "Confucian Bioethics", Taipei, Goose Lake Publishing House, 1999.


評分方式 Grading

評分項目 Grading Method 配分比例 Grading percentage 說明 Description
期中考期中考
Midterm test
30
期末考期末考
Final exam
40
平時成績(出席成績)平時成績(出席成績)
Average results (attendance)
15
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學分 Credit:3-0
上課時間 Course Time:Tuesday/2,3,4[H317]
授課教師 Teacher:姜文斌
修課班級 Class:哲學系2
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