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0414 - 倫理學 Ethics


教育目標 Course Target

本課程的目標在透過對主要倫理派別及其主要代表人物倫理思想的講述,輔以相關原典的閱讀,以使學生在了解各家倫理學思想的同時,也能逐步建立獨自閱讀哲學原典的能力。另外,透過對當前社會所面臨的一些與倫理學相關的重大爭議課題的討論,讓學生能夠更清楚地知道,倫理學並不只是一門學問,它還是一項活生生在我們眼前上演,影響著我們生活的重大任務。The objective of this course is to provide students with the ability to read philosophical books by themselves while learning about ethical ideas and by reading about the ethics of their major ethical schools and their principal representatives, . In addition, by discussing some of the major ethnically-controversial topics currently facing the community, students are able to know more clearly that ethics is not just a science but a living event that takes place before us and affects us The major task of life.


課程概述 Course Description

倫理學不但探討善惡的本質、行為的正當性、責任意識、道德或倫理價值的規範等,而且也探討人性、研究道德行為的可能性等問題。由於倫理學探討行為的正當性,它可以為吾人的日常生活提供指導原則。不管吾人在現實生活上追求甚麼,但此種追求不能離開「善」。在這個意義上,希臘人曾將倫理學視為人生哲學。即使從現代的觀點來說,倫理學仍是任何人生哲學的理論基礎。因為無論權力、財富、知識、地位等,一旦離開「善」,便失去其價值。 倫理學因問題性質的不同,主要可劃分為規範倫理學、後設倫理學、及應用倫理學三部份。講授倫理學將先從引論入門,然後涉及倫理學的主要學派及其基本論點的介紹。接著是有計劃地分別從規範倫理學、後設倫理學及應用倫理學,選擇其中最具代表性及最具時代意義的理論來講授。 此外也將對儒家的倫理思想作介紹,提供中西哲學「比較研究」的一個途徑。
Ethics not only explores the essence of good and evil, the justification of behavior, the sense of responsibility, the norms of ethical or ethical values, but also probes into the issues of human nature and the possibility of studying moral behavior. Because ethics explores the justification of behavior, it can provide guidelines for our everyday life. No matter what one pursues in real life, such pursuit can not leave "good." In this sense, the Greeks regarded ethics as philosophy of life. Even from a modern point of view, ethics is still the theoretical foundation of any philosophy of life. Because regardless of power, wealth, knowledge, status, etc., once left "good", they lose their value. Due to the different nature of the problem, ethics can be divided into three parts: standard ethics, post-ethics and applied ethics. Teaching ethics will begin with an introductory introduction and then cover the main schools of ethics and their basic arguments. Followed by the planned separately from the normative ethics, post-set ethics and applied ethics, choose one of the most representative and the most contemporary theory to teach. In addition, Confucian ethics will also be introduced, providing a way for "comparative research" between Chinese and Western philosophy.


參考書目 Reference Books

Aristote, Nicomachean ethics, Roger Crisp (2000).
Jeremy Bentham, The Principles of Morals and Legislation, Nabu Press (January 11, 2010).
Kant, Practical Philosophy, Cambridge University Press (February 1, 1999).
Alasdair MacIntyre, After Virtue, University of Notre Dame Press (March 1, 2007).
John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism, Public Domain Books (February 1, 2004).
G. E. Moore, Principia Ethica, Hardcover (Jan 1, 1965).
Frankena, William, Ethics, Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice Hall(1973).
Alexander Miller, An introduction to contemporary metaethics, Polity Press, (2003)
亞里斯多德,《尼各馬科倫理學》,台北,台灣商務,2006。
康德,《道德形上學之基礎》,台北,聯經,1990。
《實踐理性批判》,北京,人民出版社,2003。
邊沁,《道德與立法原理導論》,北京,商務,2000。
穆勒,《功利主義》,上海,上海人民,2007。
麥金太爾,《德性之後》,北京,中國社會科學,1995。
謨爾,《倫理學原理》,台北,聯經,1967。
林火旺,《倫理學》,台北市,五南出版,1999。
彼徹姆,《哲學的倫理學》,中國社會出版社,1990。
朱建民等,《應用倫理和現代社會》,臺北縣蘆洲鄉:空大,民國95年初版。
周輔成編,《西方倫理學名著選輯》(上下卷),北京,商務印書館,1987。
謨爾,《倫理學原理》,台北,聯經,1967。
李瑞全,《儒家生命倫理學》,台北,鵝湖出版社,1999。
Aristote, Nicomachean ethics, Roger Crisp (2000).
Jeremy Bentham, The Principles of Morals and Legislation, Nabu Press (January 11, 2010).
Kant, Practical Philosophy, Cambridge University Press (February 1, 1999).
Alasdair MacIntyre, After Virtue, University of Notre Dame Press (March 1, 2007).
John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism, Public Domain Books (February 1, 2004).
G. E. Moore, Principia Ethica, Hardcover (Jan 1, 1965).
Frankena, William, Ethics, Englewood Cliffs, N. J .: Prentice Hall (1973).
Alexander Miller, An introduction to contemporary metaethics, Polity Press, (2003)
Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, Taipei, Taiwan Business, 2006.
Kant, "Basis of Moral Metaphysics," Taipei, Lianhua, 1990.
Critique of Practical Reason, Beijing, People's Publishing House, 2003.
Bentham, Introduction to Principles of Morality and Legislation, Beijing, Business, 2000.
Mill, "Utilitarianism", Shanghai, Shanghai People, 2007.
MacIntyre, "After Virtue", Beijing, China Social Sciences, 1995.
Moore, Principles of Ethics, Taipei, Lianhua, 1967.
Lin Huo-wang, "Ethics", Taipei City, Wu Nan Publishing, 1999.
Peter Perm, "Ethics of Philosophy", China Social Press, 1990.
Zhu Jianmin, etc., "Applied Ethics and Modern Society", Luzhou Township, Taipei County: Empty, Republic of China, 95th Edition.
Zhou Fucheng, "Selected Works of Western Ethics" (volumes), Beijing, Commercial Press, 1987.
Moore, Principles of Ethics, Taipei, Lianhua, 1967.
Li Ruiquan, "Confucian Bioethics", Taipei, Geese Lake Press, 1999.


評分方式 Grading

評分項目 Grading Method 配分比例 Grading percentage 說明 Description
期中考期中考
Midterm test
30
期末考期末考
Final exam
40
平時成績(出席成績)平時成績(出席成績)
Usual result (attendance result)
15
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Course Information

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學分 Credit:3-0
上課時間 Course Time:Tuesday/2,3,4[H317]
授課教師 Teacher:姜文斌
修課班級 Class:哲學系2
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