究竟戲曲的特色與魅力何在？它在整個中國文學歷史裡扮演著什麼樣的角色？這不會是課堂上教師要努力說服大家的部分，而是是希望在一個學期的學習之後，每一位修課同學學生可以透過每一個單元循序漸進的引導與各種不拘形式的討論分享，最終延伸出自己關於這個提問的答覆。更進一步的，希望同學們除了知性的理解與思考之外，也能因為蘊含於戲曲文本中的多樣主題豐富自身的精神與情感內涵，並充分「享受」閱讀、觀賞這門藝術無可取代的愉悅過程。Listening to the word “traditional opera”, the images and sounds that appear in the minds of the general public are probably painted with heavy makeup and noisy Chinese musical accompaniment. However, if you think that opera is an ancient and difficult learning that does not conform to the trend of the times, it is only a small part of it. First of all, the history of classical operas is indeed a long one. It is an art that “comes from ancient times” and is one of the oldest theatrical forms in the world along with ancient Greek tragedies and Indian Sanskrit. Secondly, until today, opera is still frequently performed in various theaters in the Chinese world. Not only can we see opera performances that maintain the classical spirit, but we can also see contemporary creators constantly innovating in the forms of expression and theatrical themes to create plays and performances for the audience in this era that can be used in the dialogue age. Therefore, in a sense, we are also continuing to "write" operas belonging to this era. "Writing" is here as a verb with a broad definition, which refers to both script writing, theater performance, and even all related drama activities, viewing behavior, and even criticism and discussion.
The greatest feature of the classical opera is the combination of poetry and dance, and the lyrical orientation. In addition to the plot, the emphasis is on the bursting of emotions and the resonance of the audience. In addition, the unique style of opera (such as: the end of life, the end of life, ugliness), freehand performance techniques (such as: a table and two chairs) and the combination of various types of performing arts (singing, juggling, science, etc.) rich patterns , are their moving features and connotations. It is also because the creation of the script is the ultimate expectation of the performance on the field. When we read the drama script, we can try to imagine the way it is presented in the theater and turn the text into a moving image; this is not only different from other operas. One of the main characteristics of literary form will also be the most interesting aspect of reading drama scripts.
As a cross-cutting comprehensive performance art, drama has its value at the same time reflected in the desk text and performance theater, and has the literary function of lyrical and narrative; this is drama and other literary forms such as poetry, words, prose, novels, etc. One of the biggest differences will also be the difference between this course and the content of other Chinese courses. Therefore, the "text" that we are concerned with hunting and discussing will also include "drama scripts" and "theatrical performances." In addition, the opera has a high degree of entertainment and popularity, so when we read or watch the opera, we can better pay attention to the true and rich emotional thoughts and aesthetic standards of the masses across different ages and strata.
What exactly is the characteristics and charm of traditional opera? What kind of role does it play in the history of Chinese literature as a whole? This will not be a part of the teacher's efforts to persuade everyone in the class, but it is hoped that after a semester of study, each student in the class can gradually share and discuss with various informal discussions through each unit. Give your own answer to this question. Further, I hope that the students can enrich their spiritual and emotional connotations by the various themes contained in the operatic texts in addition to the intellectual understanding and thinking, and fully “enjoy” reading and viewing. This art cannot be replaced. Pleasant process.
Liu Ben, Liu Yanjun, "The History of Chinese Opera Development", Taiyuan: Shanxi Education, 2000.
Yu Qiuyu: The History of Chinese Drama, Taipei: World Culture, 2007.
Guan Hanqing: "Save the Dust"
Jijun Xiang: "The Orphan of Zhao"
Wang Shizhen: "The West Chamber"
Gao Zecheng: "In Memory"
Tang Xianzu: Peony Pavilion
Hong Sheng: "Changshengdian"
Kong Shangren: "Peach Blossom Fan"
|評分項目 Grading Method||配分比例 Grading percentage||說明 Description|
Normal performance (including attendance)