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course information of 106 - 1 | 0044 Introduction to Chinese Classical(古典戲曲概論)

0044 - 古典戲曲概論 Introduction to Chinese Classical


教育目標 Course Target

乍聽「戲曲」一詞,一般人腦海裡出現的畫面與聲音,大概就是畫著濃妝的大花臉與鏗鏘嘈雜的中國樂伴奏。然而如果你以為戲曲就是一門古老的、不符合時代潮流的艱難學問,這其實只說對了很小一部分。首先,古典戲曲的歷史的確相當悠遠,是「從古代走來」的一門藝術,與古希臘悲劇、印度梵劇並列世界最古老的戲劇形式之一。其次,直至今天,戲曲仍舊頻繁地在華人世界的各式劇場中持續搬演著。我們不但可以看到維持著古典精神的戲曲演出,也可以看到當代創作者在表現形式與戲劇主題上不斷地推陳出新,為這個時代的觀眾們創造可以對話時代的劇本與表演。因此某種意義上而言,我們也正持續「書寫」著屬於這個時代的戲曲時。「書寫」在這裡作為一個擁有寬泛定義的動詞,既指劇本創作,也包括劇場演出,甚至所有相關的戲劇活動、觀賞行為,甚至是批評與討論。 古典戲曲的最大特色在於詩歌舞結合,並以抒情為本位;敷演情節之外,更重視情感的抒發並藉以引起觀眾共鳴。此外,戲曲特有的行當制(如:生旦淨末丑)、寫意性的表現手法(如:一桌二椅)以及結合各類表演藝術(唱曲、雜耍、科諢等)的豐富型態,都是其動人的特色與內涵。也因為劇本的創作是以場上演出為最終期待,因此當我們閱讀戲曲劇本時, 可以試著想像它在劇場上呈現的方式,將文字轉化成流動的畫面;這不僅是戲曲有異於其他文學形式的主要特質之一,也將是閱讀戲劇劇本最饒富興味的一環。 戲劇作為一種跨領域的綜合性表演藝術,其價值同時體現在案頭文本以及表演劇場之上,並兼具抒情與敘事的文學功能;這是戲曲與其他文學形式如詩、詞、散文、小說等最大的差異之一,也會是這一門課與其他中文課程內容有所區別之處。因此我們所涉獵與討論的「文本」,將同時包括「戲曲劇本」與「劇場演出」。再則,戲曲擁有著高度的娛樂性與通俗性,因此當我們在閱讀或觀賞戲曲時,更能關照到不同時代、跨越階層的群眾們真實而豐富的情感思想與審美標準。 究竟戲曲的特色與魅力何在?它在整個中國文學歷史裡扮演著什麼樣的角色?這不會是課堂上教師要努力說服大家的部分,而是是希望在一個學期的學習之後,每一位修課同學學生可以透過每一個單元循序漸進的引導與各種不拘形式的討論分享,最終延伸出自己關於這個提問的答覆。更進一步的,希望同學們除了知性的理解與思考之外,也能因為蘊含於戲曲文本中的多樣主題豐富自身的精神與情感內涵,並充分「享受」閱讀、觀賞這門藝術無可取代的愉悅過程。At first listen to the word "opera", most people appear in the minds of the screen and voice, is probably painted with heavy makeup face and sonorous noisy Chinese music accompaniment. However, if you think that opera is an ancient, do not meet the trend of the times difficult to learn, which in fact only said to a very small part. First of all, the history of classical opera is indeed quite distant, is "from ancient times," an art, with the ancient Greek tragedy, India, Vatican drama tied to one of the world's oldest form of drama. Secondly, until today, the opera is still frequently in the Chinese world of various theaters continue to play with. We can not only see the classical spirit of the opera to play, you can see the contemporary creators in the form of expression and drama on the theme of continuous innovation for the audience of this era can create dialogue script and performance. So in a sense, we are also continuing to "write" the drama belongs to this era. "Writing" here as a broadly defined verb, both the script creation, including theatrical performances, and even all the relevant drama activities, watch the behavior, and even criticism and discussion. The most characteristic of classical opera is the combination of poetry and dance, and to lyric-based; dressing out the plot, pay more attention to emotional expression and to cause the audience to resonate. In addition, the opera-specific system (such as: the raw end of the last ugly), freehand expression (such as: a table and two chairs) and the combination of various performing arts (singing, juggling, cave, etc.) rich type , Are its moving characteristics and content. But also because the script is based on the performance of the final performance, so when we read the opera script, you can try to imagine it in the theater on the way, the text into a mobile picture; this is not only the drama is different from other One of the main features of the literary form will also be the most interesting part of reading the drama script. Drama as a cross-field comprehensive performing arts, its value is also reflected in the desk text and performance theater above, and both lyrical and narrative literary function; this is the opera and other literary forms such as poetry, words, prose, novels One of the biggest differences will also be the difference between this course and other Chinese course content. Therefore, the "text" we have studied and discussed will include both "opera" and "theater". Moreover, the opera has a high degree of entertainment and popularity, so when we read or watch the opera, the more able to care for different times, across the class of the masses are rich and rich emotional and aesthetic standards. What is the characteristics and charm of opera? What role does it play in the history of Chinese literature as a whole? This is not the teacher in the classroom to try to convince everyone of the part, but rather hope that after a semester of study, each student students through each unit can be guided by a gradual guide with a variety of informal discussion to share, and ultimately extend Get your own reply to this question. Further hope that students in addition to intellectual understanding and thinking, but also because of the various themes contained in the opera text enrich their own spiritual and emotional content, and fully "enjoy" to read, watch this art irreplaceable Pleasure process.


參考書目 Reference Books

廖奔、劉彥君《中國戲曲發展史》,太原:山西教育,2000。
余秋雨:《中國戲劇史》,台北:天下文化,2007。
關漢卿:《救風塵》
紀君祥:《趙氏孤兒》
王實甫:《西廂記》
高則誠:《琵琶記》
湯顯祖:《牡丹亭》
洪 昇:《長生殿》
孔尚任:《桃花扇》
Liao Ben, Liu Yanjun "History of Chinese opera", Taiyuan: Shanxi education, 2000.
Yu Qiuyu: "History of Chinese Drama", Taipei: World Culture, 2007.
Guan Hanqing: "save the dust"
Ji Junxiang: "orphans"
Wang Shifu: "West Chamber"
Gao Zhicheng: "Pipa mind"
Tang Xianzu: "Peony Pavilion"
Hongsheng: "longevity hall"
Kong Shang Ren: "Peach Blossom Fan"


評分方式 Grading

評分項目 Grading Method 配分比例 Grading percentage 說明 Description
平時成績(含出席率)平時成績(含出席率)
Average results (including attendance)
20
期中考期中考
Midterm test
20
學期報告學期報告
Semester report
20
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相似課程 Related Course

必修-3257 Introduction to Classical Drama / 人文:古典戲曲概論 (共必修2-4,授課教師:高禎臨,二/5,6,7[H305])

Course Information

Description

學分 Credit:3-0
上課時間 Course Time:Tuesday/5,6,7[H305]
授課教師 Teacher:高禎臨
修課班級 Class:中文系2
選課備註 Memo:中文二優先;通識中心3257雙掛課程

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