究竟戲曲的特色與魅力何在？它在整個中國文學歷史裡扮演著什麼樣的角色？這不會是課堂上教師要努力說服大家的部分，而是是希望在一個學期的學習之後，每一位修課同學學生可以透過每一個單元循序漸進的引導與各種不拘形式的討論分享，最終延伸出自己關於這個提問的答覆。更進一步的，希望同學們除了知性的理解與思考之外，也能因為蘊含於戲曲文本中的多樣主題豐富自身的精神與情感內涵，並充分「享受」閱讀、觀賞這門藝術無可取代的愉悅過程。Listening to the word "drama", the pictures and sounds that appear in the minds of ordinary people are probably the singers of Chinese characters with heavy makeup and noisy Chinese music. However, if you think that drama is an old and difficult study that does not conform to the trend of the times, this is actually only a small part. First of all, the history of classical opera is indeed quite far away. It is an art of "walking from ancient times" and is one of the oldest forms of drama in the world along with the ancient Greek tragedy and the Indian Sanskrit. Secondly, until today, the opera is still frequently played in various theaters in the Chinese world. Not only can we see the performance of the drama that maintains the classical spirit, but we can also see that contemporary creators continue to innovate in the form of expression and the theme of the drama, creating scripts and performances for the audience of this era. So in a sense, we are continuing to "write" the dramas of this era. "Writing" is here a verb with a broad definition, which refers to both scriptwriting and theater performances, and even all related drama activities, viewing behaviors, and even criticism and discussion.
The greatest feature of classical opera lies in the combination of poetry and dance, and it is based on lyricism; in addition to the plot, it pays more attention to the bursting of emotions and to resonate with the audience. In addition, the opera's unique behavior (such as: the birth of the end of the ugly), freehand expression techniques (such as: a table and two chairs) and a combination of various types of performing arts (song, juggling, science, etc.) rich type It is its moving characteristics and connotation. Also because the creation of the script is the final expectation of the performance on the field, so when we read the drama script, we can try to imagine the way it is presented in the theater, transforming the text into a flowing picture; this is not only different from other operas. One of the main qualities of the literary form will also be the most interesting part of reading the drama.
As a cross-disciplinary comprehensive performance art, drama is embodied in both the desk text and the performance theater, and has both lyric and narrative literary functions; this is drama and other literary forms such as poetry, words, prose, novels, etc. One of the biggest differences will be the difference between this course and other Chinese courses. Therefore, the "text" we are involved in and discussing will include both "drama scripts" and "theatrical performances". Moreover, the opera has a high degree of entertainment and popularity. Therefore, when we read or watch the opera, we can better care for the real and rich emotional thoughts and aesthetic standards of the masses of different eras and strata.
What are the characteristics and charm of the opera? What role does it play in the history of Chinese literature? This will not be the part of the classroom where teachers should try to convince everyone. It is hoped that after one semester of study, each classmate and student can share and discuss with various informal discussions through each unit. Leave your own reply to this question. Further, I hope that in addition to intellectual understanding and thinking, students can also enrich their spiritual and emotional connotations because of the various themes contained in the opera texts, and fully enjoy the reading and viewing the art irreplaceable. Pleasant process.
Liao Ben, Liu Yanjun, "The History of Chinese Opera Development", Taiyuan: Shanxi Education, 2000.
Yu Qiuyu: History of Chinese Drama, Taipei: World Culture, 2007.
Guan Hanqing: "Save the Wind"
Ji Junxiang: "The Orphan of Zhao"
Wang Shizhen: "The West Chamber"
Gao Zecheng: "琵琶记"
Tang Xianzu: "Peony Pavilion"
Hong Sheng: The Palace of Changsheng
Kong Shangren: "Peach Blossom Fan"
|評分項目 Grading Method||配分比例 Grading percentage||說明 Description|
Ordinary grades (including attendance rate)