究竟戲曲的特色與魅力何在？它在整個中國文學歷史裡扮演著什麼樣的角色？這不會是課堂上教師要努力說服大家的部分，而是是希望在一個學期的學習之後，每一位修課同學學生可以透過每一個單元循序漸進的引導與各種不拘形式的討論分享，最終延伸出自己關於這個提問的答覆。更進一步的，希望同學們除了知性的理解與思考之外，也能因為蘊含於戲曲文本中的多樣主題豐富自身的精神與情感內涵，並充分「享受」閱讀、觀賞這門藝術無可取代的愉悅過程。At first listen to the word "opera", most people appear in the minds of the screen and voice, is probably painted with heavy makeup face and sonorous noisy Chinese music accompaniment. However, if you think that opera is an ancient, do not meet the trend of the times difficult to learn, which in fact only said to a very small part. First of all, the history of classical opera is indeed quite distant, is "from ancient times," an art, with the ancient Greek tragedy, India, Vatican drama tied to one of the world's oldest form of drama. Secondly, until today, the opera is still frequently in the Chinese world of various theaters continue to play with. We can not only see the classical spirit of the opera to play, you can see the contemporary creators in the form of expression and drama on the theme of continuous innovation for the audience of this era can create dialogue script and performance. So in a sense, we are also continuing to "write" the drama belongs to this era. "Writing" here as a broadly defined verb, both the script creation, including theatrical performances, and even all the relevant drama activities, watch the behavior, and even criticism and discussion.
The most characteristic of classical opera is the combination of poetry and dance, and to lyric-based; dressing out the plot, pay more attention to emotional expression and to cause the audience to resonate. In addition, the opera-specific system (such as: the raw end of the last ugly), freehand expression (such as: a table and two chairs) and the combination of various performing arts (singing, juggling, cave, etc.) rich type , Are its moving characteristics and content. But also because the script is based on the performance of the final performance, so when we read the opera script, you can try to imagine it in the theater on the way, the text into a mobile picture; this is not only the drama is different from other One of the main features of the literary form will also be the most interesting part of reading the drama script.
Drama as a cross-field comprehensive performing arts, its value is also reflected in the desk text and performance theater above, and both lyrical and narrative literary function; this is the opera and other literary forms such as poetry, words, prose, novels One of the biggest differences will also be the difference between this course and other Chinese course content. Therefore, the "text" we have studied and discussed will include both "opera" and "theater". Moreover, the opera has a high degree of entertainment and popularity, so when we read or watch the opera, the more able to care for different times, across the class of the masses are rich and rich emotional and aesthetic standards.
What is the characteristics and charm of opera? What role does it play in the history of Chinese literature as a whole? This is not the teacher in the classroom to try to convince everyone of the part, but rather hope that after a semester of study, each student students through each unit can be guided by a gradual guide with a variety of informal discussion to share, and ultimately extend Get your own reply to this question. Further hope that students in addition to intellectual understanding and thinking, but also because of the various themes contained in the opera text enrich their own spiritual and emotional content, and fully "enjoy" to read, watch this art irreplaceable Pleasure process.
Liao Ben, Liu Yanjun "History of Chinese opera", Taiyuan: Shanxi education, 2000.
Yu Qiuyu: "History of Chinese Drama", Taipei: World Culture, 2007.
Guan Hanqing: "save the dust"
Ji Junxiang: "orphans"
Wang Shifu: "West Chamber"
Gao Zhicheng: "Pipa mind"
Tang Xianzu: "Peony Pavilion"
Hongsheng: "longevity hall"
Kong Shang Ren: "Peach Blossom Fan"
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