究竟戲曲的特色與魅力何在？它在整個中國文學歷史裡扮演著什麼樣的角色？這不會是課堂上教師要努力說服大家的部分，而是是希望在一個學期的學習之後，每一位修課同學學生可以透過每一個單元循序漸進的引導與各種不拘形式的討論分享，最終延伸出自己關於這個提問的答覆。更進一步的，希望同學們除了知性的理解與思考之外，也能因為蘊含於戲曲文本中的多樣主題豐富自身的精神與情感內涵，並充分「享受」閱讀、觀賞這門藝術無可取代的愉悅過程。At first glance, the word "opera" appears on the screen and sound of the general human mind. It is probably accompanied by a thick face with heavy makeup and a noisy Chinese music. However, if you think that opera is an old, difficult academic knowledge that is not in keeping with the trend of the times, it is only a very small part of it. First of all, the history of classical operas is indeed rather distant. It is one of the oldest forms of drama in the world, one of the art of "coming from ancient times," tied to ancient Greek tragedies and Indian van garrays. Second, until today, drama continues to be frequently performed in various theaters in the Chinese world. Not only can we see opera performances that preserve the classical spirit, we can also see that contemporary creators are constantly innovating on the themes of expression and drama to create scripts and performances for the audience of this age in a dialogue-friendly era. Therefore, in a sense, we are continuing to "write" the drama that belongs to this era. As a verb with a broad definition, "writing" refers to both script writing as well as theater performances and even all related theater activities, viewing activities, and even criticisms and discussions.
Classical opera is characterized by the combination of poetry and dance, and lyric-based; performance episodes, the more emphasis on the expression of emotion and to arouse the audience resonance. In addition, the unique system of opera (such as ugly end of life), freehand expressions (such as a table and two chairs), and the rich combination of various performing arts (singing, juggling, koji, etc.) , Are its moving features and connotation. And because the script is ultimately based on the performance of the field, when we read a drama script, we can try to imagine the way it is presented in the theater and transform the text into a flowing picture. This is not just a drama that is different from the others One of the main qualities of literary form will also be the most enjoyable part of reading drama scripts.
As an interdisciplinary integrated performance art, drama has its value embodied in both the desk text and the performance theater, as well as its lyrical and narrative literary functions. It is a combination of drama and other literary forms such as poetry, words, prose and fiction One of the biggest differences will be the difference between this course and other Chinese courses. Therefore, the "texts" we are hunting and discussing will include both "drama scripts" and "theater performances." In addition, opera has a high degree of entertainment and popularity. Therefore, when we read or watch opera, we can better cater to the real and rich emotional thoughts and aesthetic standards of people of different ages and strata.
What is the characteristics and charm of opera? What role does it play throughout the history of Chinese literature? This will not be a part of classroom teachers trying to persuade people. Instead, they hope that after a semester of study, each classmate student can step through the guidance of each unit and discuss with various informal discussions, eventually extending I have my own reply to this question. Furthermore, I hope that apart from understanding and thinking, students also enrich their own spiritual and emotional connotations because of the variety of topics contained in the traditional opera texts and fully enjoy reading and viewing the irreplaceable Pleasant process.
Liao Ben, Liu Yanjun "Chinese Opera History", Taiyuan: Shanxi Education, 2000.
Yu Qiuyu: The History of Chinese Theater, Taipei: World Culture, 2007.
Guan Hanqing: "Save the dust"
Ji Junxiang: "Orphan"
Wang Shih Fu: "The West Chamber"
Gao Cheng Cheng: "Pipa"
Tang Xianzu: "Peony Pavilion"
Hong Sheng: "Eunuch"
Kong Shang Ren: "peach fan"
|評分項目 Grading Method||配分比例 Grading percentage||說明 Description|
Normal grade (including attendance rate)