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course information of 106 - 1 | 0026 Historical Chinese Phonology(聲韻學)

0026 - 聲韻學 Historical Chinese Phonology


教育目標 Course Target

本課程為中文系語言學類必修課程。主要教學目的在使同學具備漢語音韻學基本知識,了解現代國語、方言與古漢語音系間的關連及語音演變的規則。課程的設計強調漢語歷史研究中的「方法」、「觀念」與「材料」。上學期的課程講述基礎語音學、音系學知識,瞭解現代國語音系,以及各大漢語方言現況。建立基本語言研究知能後,由現代國語與漢語方言音系向中古音推展,銜接中古音系,研讀中古重要韻書、韻圖等文獻材料,輔以歷史語言學中的譜系樹理論、歷史比較方法理論,使同學了解如何構擬中古音系,並能進而繼續研究上古音系。下學期課程旨在瞭解古漢語「聲母」、「韻母」、「聲調」系統的歷史發展與演變規律,並探討造成各時期漢語音韻變化的原因。課程的焦點放在廣韻音系與現代國語音系的聯繫之上,藉由中古到現代的語音演變知識,說明漢語語音的重建過程、方法與語言發展的模型。This course is a compulsory course for the Chinese Department of Linguistics. The main purpose of teaching is to equip students with the basic knowledge of Chinese phonology and to understand the relationship between modern Chinese, dialects and ancient Chinese phonology and the rules of phonetic evolution. The curriculum is designed to emphasize "methods", "concepts" and "materials" in the study of Chinese history. Semester courses cover basic phonetics, phonology, knowledge of modern Chinese phonology, as well as the major Chinese dialects. After the establishment of the basic language research ability, the modern Chinese language and Chinese dialect phonology will be extended to the Middle Ancient Sounds to link the middle-aged phonology, to study important rhyme books and rhymes and other documents and materials, supplemented by pedigree tree theory of historical linguistics and historical comparison Theory, so that students understand how to structure the Middle Ages phonology, and then continue to study the ancient phonology. The next semester course aims to understand the historical development and evolution of the ancient Chinese "consonants", "vowels" and "tonal systems" and to explore the reasons for the changes in Chinese phonology in each period. The focus of the course is on the connection between the Guangyun phonology and the modern Chinese phonology. With the knowledge of the phonetic evolution from the Middle Ages to the present, the model of the process, method and language development of Chinese phonology is illustrated.


課程概述 Course Description

A班:聲韻學是我國傳統的字音之學,教學目的在讓學習者充分掌握、了解我國各個不同時期的字音結構特色、及其發展演變的情形。授課的主要內容包括:聲韻學的效用、語音學常識、國語音系、現代方音、早期官話、中古音系,上古音系、上古字音至現代的演變、文學與音律等等。本課程目前在中文系屬必修科目,學生若通過此訓練,由於對漢字、各地方音的特色、發展演變均能較充分的掌握,藉此知識,當可增進其欣賞文學作品、研讀古代典藉的能力。 B班:本課程為中文系語言學類課程。主要教學目的在使同學具備聲韻學基本知識,了解現代國語、方言與中古音系及語音演變的現象與規則。教學由現代國語與方言音系入門,而後以中古音系為主幹,在研讀中古韻書與韻圖的基礎上,使同學了解如何構擬中古音系,並能進而研究上古音系。至於音系演變上則著重講授中古到現代及中古上推上古成系統的音變。且將藉由課堂與課後練習與其他相關領域結合,使學生了解如何運用所學之聲韻學知識。
Class A: Phonology is the traditional phonetics of our country. The purpose of teaching is to make learners fully grasp the characteristics of phonetic structures in different periods of our country and their development and evolution. The main contents of lectures include: the phonetics of phonetics, phonetic knowledge, Mandarin phonetics, modern dialects, early Mandarin, Middle phonology, ancient phonology, the ancient pronunciation to the modern evolution, literature and temperament and so on. This course is currently a compulsory subject in Chinese. Students who pass this training can gain a better grasp of the characteristics and development of Chinese characters and local dialects. By using this knowledge, they can enhance their appreciation of literary works and study ancient books Borrowing ability. Class B: This course is a Chinese language course. The main teaching purpose is to equip students with the basic knowledge of phonology and to understand the phenomena and rules of modern Mandarin, dialects, middle-aged phonology and phonetic evolution. Teaching begins with the modern Mandarin and dialect phonology, and then the middle-aged phonology as the backbone, based on the study of ancient rhyme books and rhyme diagrams, to enable students to understand how to structure the Middle Sound system, and then to study the ancient phonology. As for phonological evolution, emphasis was placed on the transformation from the Middle Ages into the Middle Ages and the Middle Ages into the ancient system. It will enable students to understand how to apply the phonological knowledge gained through the combination of classroom and after-school exercises with other related fields.


參考書目 Reference Books

指定閱讀:
竺家寧(2005)《聲韻學》五南出版社
何大安(1996)《聲韻學中的觀念與方法》大安出版社
Specified reading:
Zhu Jia Ning (2005) "Phonology" Five South Press
Ho Tai-An (1996) "Phonology in the concept and method" Daan Publishing House


評分方式 Grading

評分項目 Grading Method 配分比例 Grading percentage 說明 Description
期中考期中考
Midterm test
35
期末考期末考
Final exam
35
隨堂測驗隨堂測驗
Quiz
25 不可補考
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相似課程 Related Course

必修-0023 Historical Chinese Phonology / 聲韻學 (中文系3A,授課教師:陳筱琪,四/5,6[H305])

Course Information

Description

學分 Credit:2-2
上課時間 Course Time:Monday/6,7[H204]
授課教師 Teacher:陳筱琪
修課班級 Class:中文系3B
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