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course information of 106 - 1 | 0023 Historical Chinese Phonology(聲韻學)

0023 - 聲韻學 Historical Chinese Phonology


教育目標 Course Target

本課程為中文系語言學類必修課程。主要教學目的在使同學具備漢語音韻學基本知識,了解現代國語、方言與古漢語音系間的關連及語音演變的規則。課程的設計強調漢語歷史研究中的「方法」、「觀念」與「材料」。上學期的課程講述基礎語音學、音系學知識,瞭解現代國語音系,以及各大漢語方言現況。建立基本語言研究知能後,由現代國語與漢語方言音系向中古音推展,銜接中古音系,研讀中古重要韻書、韻圖等文獻材料,輔以歷史語言學中的譜系樹理論、歷史比較方法理論,使同學了解如何構擬中古音系,並能進而繼續研究上古音系。 下學期課程旨在瞭解古漢語「聲母」、「韻母」、「聲調」系統的歷史發展與演變規律,並探討造成各時期漢語音韻變化的原因。課程的焦點放在廣韻音系與現代國語音系的聯繫之上,藉由中古到現代的語音演變知識,說明漢語語音的重建過程、方法與語言發展的模型。This course is a compulsory course for linguistics in Chinese. The main purpose of teaching is to make the students have the basic knowledge of Chinese phonology, to understand the modern Mandarin, dialect and ancient Chinese phonology and voice evolution between the rules. The design of the course emphasizes the "method", "concept" and "material" in the study of Chinese history. The course of the last semester covers basic phonetics, phonological knowledge, understanding of modern phonology, and the status quo of major Chinese dialects. After the establishment of the basic language research knowledge, from the modern Mandarin and Chinese dialect phonology to the ancient tone of the word, the convergence of the ancient phonology, the study of medieval rhyme books, rhyme and other literature materials, supplemented by historical linguistics in the pedigree tree theory, historical comparison method Theory, so that students understand how to build the ancient phonology, and can continue to study the ancient phonology.     The next semester aims to understand the historical development and evolution of the initial consonants, the "vowels" and the "tones" system, and to explore the causes of the changes in Chinese phonology. The focus of the course is on the connection between the phonological system and the modern phonological system, and the process of the reconstruction of Chinese phonetics, the method of the development of Chinese language and the model of language development through the evolution of the phonetics from the ancient to the modern.


課程概述 Course Description

A班:聲韻學是我國傳統的字音之學,教學目的在讓學習者充分掌握、了解我國各個不同時期的字音結構特色、及其發展演變的情形。授課的主要內容包括:聲韻學的效用、語音學常識、國語音系、現代方音、早期官話、中古音系,上古音系、上古字音至現代的演變、文學與音律等等。本課程目前在中文系屬必修科目,學生若通過此訓練,由於對漢字、各地方音的特色、發展演變均能較充分的掌握,藉此知識,當可增進其欣賞文學作品、研讀古代典藉的能力。 B班:本課程為中文系語言學類課程。主要教學目的在使同學具備聲韻學基本知識,了解現代國語、方言與中古音系及語音演變的現象與規則。教學由現代國語與方言音系入門,而後以中古音系為主幹,在研讀中古韻書與韻圖的基礎上,使同學了解如何構擬中古音系,並能進而研究上古音系。至於音系演變上則著重講授中古到現代及中古上推上古成系統的音變。且將藉由課堂與課後練習與其他相關領域結合,使學生了解如何運用所學之聲韻學知識。
A class: phonology is the traditional phonetic school of China, the purpose of teaching so that learners fully grasp, understand the various periods of China's voice structure characteristics, and its development and evolution of the situation. The main contents of the teaching include: the utility of phonology, phonological common sense, Mandarin phonology, modern dialect, early Mandarin, medieval phonology, ancient phonology, ancient voices to modern evolution, literature and temperament and so on. This course is currently in the Chinese Department of compulsory subjects, students through this training, because of the Chinese characters, the local characteristics of the sound, development and evolution can be more fully grasp, to knowledge, when you can enhance their appreciation of literary works, The ability to borrow. Class B: This course is a linguistics course for Chinese. The main purpose of teaching is to make the students have the basic knowledge of phonology, understand the modern Mandarin, dialect and phonological and phonetic evolution of the phenomenon and rules. Teaching from the modern dialect and dialect phonological introduction, and then to the ancient phonology as the backbone, in the study of rhyme books and rhyme map on the basis of the students to understand how to build the ancient phonology, and can then study the ancient phonology. As for the phonological evolution is focused on teaching medieval to the modern and medieval push on the ancient system of sound changes. And will be through the classroom and after-school practice and other related areas, so that students understand how to use the vocabulary of knowledge learned.


參考書目 Reference Books

指定閱讀:
竺家寧(2005)《聲韻學》五南出版社
何大安(1996)《聲韻學中的觀念與方法》大安出版社


Specify reading:
Zhu Jiaring (2005) "Phonology" five South Publishing House
He Daan (1996) "Concept and Methodology in Phonology" Daan Publishing House


評分方式 Grading

評分項目 Grading Method 配分比例 Grading percentage 說明 Description
期中考期中考
Midterm test
35
期末考期末考
Final exam
35
隨堂測驗隨堂測驗
Quizzes
25 不可要求補考
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相似課程 Related Course

必修-0026 Historical Chinese Phonology / 聲韻學 (中文系3B,授課教師:陳筱琪,一/6,7[H204])

Course Information

Description

學分 Credit:2-2
上課時間 Course Time:Thursday/5,6[H305]
授課教師 Teacher:陳筱琪
修課班級 Class:中文系3A
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