下學期課程旨在瞭解古漢語「聲母」、「韻母」、「聲調」系統的歷史發展與演變規律，並探討造成各時期漢語音韻變化的原因。課程的焦點放在廣韻音系與現代國語音系的聯繫之上，藉由中古到現代的語音演變知識，說明漢語語音的重建過程、方法與語言發展的模型。This course is a compulsory course for Chinese language studies. The main purpose of the teaching is to enable students to have basic knowledge of Chinese phonology, to understand the relationship between modern Mandarin, dialect and ancient Chinese phonology and the rules of speech evolution. The design of the course emphasizes "methods", "concepts" and "materials" in the study of Chinese history. The course of the last semester tells the basics of phonetics and phonology, the modern Chinese phonetics, and the current status of major Chinese dialects. After establishing the basic language research knowledge, the modern Mandarin and Chinese dialect sounds are extended to the Middle Ancient Sounds, connecting the Middle Ancient phonology, studying the ancient Chinese rhyme books, rhyme and other literature materials, supplemented by the pedigree tree theory and historical comparison method in historical linguistics. The theory allows students to understand how to construct the Middle Ancient phonology, and then continue to study the ancient phonology.
The next semester course aims to understand the historical development and evolution of the ancient "consonant", "final" and "tune" systems, and to explore the causes of the changes in Chinese phonology in various periods. The focus of the course is on the connection between the Guangyin phonology and the modern country's phonetic system. From the medieval to modern speech evolution knowledge, the reconstruction process, methods and language development models of Chinese speech are explained.
Class A: The phonology is the traditional Chinese pronunciation and pronunciation. The purpose of teaching is to enable learners to fully grasp and understand the characteristics of the structure of words and sounds in different periods of China, and their development and evolution. The main contents of the lecture include: the utility of phonology, the common sense of phonetics, the national phonetic system, the modern dialect, the early Mandarin, the Middle Ancient phonology, the ancient phonology, the evolution of ancient Chinese characters to modern times, literature and temperament, and so on. This course is currently a compulsory subject in the Chinese language. If students pass this training, they can fully grasp the characteristics and development of Chinese characters and local sounds. By using this knowledge, they can enhance their appreciation of literary works and study ancient books. Borrowing ability. Class B: This course is a Chinese language course. The main purpose of teaching is to enable students to have basic knowledge of phonology and to understand the phenomena and rules of modern Mandarin, dialect and medieval phonology and phonetic evolution. The teaching is started by the modern Mandarin and dialect sounds, and then the middle-aged phonology is the main one. On the basis of studying the ancient rhyme books and rhyme maps, the students can understand how to construct the Middle Ancient phonology, and then study the ancient phonology. As for the evolution of the phonological system, it focuses on the transliteration of the ancient system into the modern and medieval. Students will learn how to apply the knowledge of the rhythm they learn by combining classroom and after-school exercises with other related fields.
Yan Jianing (2005) "Sound Rhythm" Wunan Publishing House
He Da'an (1996) "Concepts and Methods in Acoustic Rhyme" Da'an Publishing House
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