下學期課程旨在瞭解古漢語「聲母」、「韻母」、「聲調」系統的歷史發展與演變規律，並探討造成各時期漢語音韻變化的原因。課程的焦點放在廣韻音系與現代國語音系的聯繫之上，藉由中古到現代的語音演變知識，說明漢語語音的重建過程、方法與語言發展的模型。This course is a required course in Chinese language linguistics. The main purpose of the teaching is to enable students to have the basic knowledge of Chinese phonology and to understand the connection between modern Mandarin, dialects and ancient Chinese phonology, and the rules for the evolution of phonology. The design of the course emphasizes "methods", "concepts" and "materials" in the study of Chinese history. The previous semester course covered the basic phonetics and phonology, the modern Chinese phonetic system, and the current status of major Chinese dialects. After establishing basic language research and knowledge, from Modern Mandarin and Chinese dialect phonology to Middle Ancient Tones, linking Middle Chinese phonology, studying ancient Middle Rhymes, Rhymes and other literature materials, supplemented by pedigree tree theory and historical comparison methods in historical linguistics Theory allows students to understand how to construct the Middle Ages phonology and continue to study the ancient phonology.
The next semester course aims to understand the historical development and evolution of the ancient Chinese "initials", "vowels", and "tone" systems, and to explore the causes of changes in Chinese phonology in various periods. The focus of the course is on the connection between the Guangyun phonology department and the modern Chinese phonological department. Through the ancient to modern phonetic evolution knowledge, the reconstruction process, method, and language development model of Chinese speech are explained.
Class A: Phonology is China's traditional study of words and sounds. The purpose of teaching is to let learners fully grasp and understand the characteristics of word and sound structure and its evolution in different periods in China. The main contents of the lecture include: the effects of phonology, common knowledge of phonetics, the Department of Chinese Phonetics, modern Fangyin, early Mandarin, Middle Eastern phonology, the evolution of ancient phonology, ancient Chinese pronunciation, and modern literature, literary and melody. This course is currently a compulsory course in the Chinese language. If students pass this training, they will be able to fully grasp the characteristics and development of Chinese characters and local sounds. With this knowledge, they can enhance their appreciation of literary works and study ancient codes. Borrowing power. Class B: This course is a Chinese language course. The main purpose of the teaching is to enable students to have the basic knowledge of phonology and to understand the phenomena and rules of modern Mandarin, dialects and Middle Ages phonology and the evolution of phonology. The teaching is based on the modern Mandarin and dialect phonology, and then the Middle Ages phonology is the mainstay. After studying the ancient rhyme book and the rhyme diagram, the students can understand how to construct the Middle Chinese phonology, and can further study the ancient phonology. As for the evolution of phonology, it focuses on teaching the ancient-to-modern and ancient-time sound system of the ancient system. It will combine classroom and after-school exercises with other related fields to enable students to understand how to apply the learned phonological knowledge.
Yu Jianing (2005) "Feng Yun Xue" Wunan Publishing House
He Daan (1996) “Concepts and Methods in Phonology” Daan Press
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